Instant House

A blog tribute to the manufactured, mass-produced, modular and kit homes that grace the American landscape.

Wednesday, August 14, 2013

Leedom Estates

The Leedom Estates

The original Leedom Estates in 1954.  You can see
the beginnings of Ridley Acres in the upper left.

Today's Instant House post explores a neighborhood that I'm all too familiar with--the Leedom Estates of Ridley Park, PA.  My father grew up there, my grandparents still live there, and I taught in the Ridley School District for a few I know a bit about the history of this neighborhood.

The area commonly referred to as "Leedom" is, in actuality, three separate post-WWII assembly-line-style developments--the Leedom Estates, Ridley Acres, and Nassau Village.

Westinghouse had a huge plant in this area of Delaware County (as did Boeing, Sun Ship, Bell Atlantic, etc.) and they needed housing for their workers.  The general flight of people from Southwest Philadelphia wanting something new also helped fuel the housing boom (Levittown, anyone?).  I've wanted to do a video blog for some time, so I thought focusing on a neighborhood I knew well (...all too well....) would help.  See the short videos below on each of the three neighborhoods!  Forgive my DWN (driving while narrating)...and yes, I should have rotated the iPhone horizontally...but that's for next time.

Leedom Estates

Ridley Acres

Nassau Village

Leedom Estates Brochure and Photos

Brochure for the Nantucket (the standard Leedom house).

I like the "check the extras" section.

An early photograph of a Nantucket.

Nassau Swim Club History

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Civic Park

Civic Park:  Lies I've Been Telling  

If you've spent any amount of time around me (first of all....sorry), you know I originally hail from the town of Reading, Pennsylvania--a mid-sized rust-belt city who's lasting legacies are the 5th Avenue Candy Bar and that square on the Monopoly Board (the one many of you have always called the REED-ing Railroad...nope, sorry).  Reading has suffered immensely from the decline of industry and has been the recipient of many dubious honors including one of the most dangerous cities in America, a leader in gang-related violence, and the most-recent distinction--the poorest city in the United States.  This is all back-story to this point about me:  I read a lot about urban decline.  This led me to a most wonderful book:  Teardown: Memoir of a Vanishing City, by Gordon Young.

Gordon Young has written an excellent book about someone who's sad to see the loss of his beloved hometown--Fint, Michigan.  For those of you unaware, Flint has a distinction similar to Reading.  He also has a related blog--  I encourage you to check out both if you're interested in the decline of American cities.

Why Instant House Material?
Mr. Young writes about a particular neighborhood of Flint that is called Civic Park.  He was kind enough to furnish me with some additional information about the neighborhood.  Civic Park was built virtually overnight to accommodate a huge influx of workers to a proposed Buick plant (Flint is where General Motors first began).  GM's housing subsidiary, "The Modern Housing Corporation", employed 4,600 workers to build 950 homes in 8 months...or roughly 4 homes per day.  Parts of the homes were pre-fabricated at sawmills near the site, while other work crews worked in a modified assembly line to put up the eight different styles of houses (see below).

HEY, this sounds a LOT like LEVITTOWN!!!!

It sure does, with one notable difference--this was in the year 1919.  Remember how me and countless others hailed Bill Levitt as the first successful mass-producer of houses in an assembly line fashion?  Yeah....we're wrong.  GM did it first.

Buying in Civic Park  
A Civic Park Dutch Colonial

Homes were priced from $3500 to $8500 with a down payment of 5%.  GM and MHC held the mortgages.  You got an $800 credit toward the purchase of the home if you had 5 years of service at GM, and a dollar-for-dollar savings account match up to $300.  Not surprisingly, the houses sold quickly.

The End/Today
The housing boom of Civic Park ended as quickly as it began.  The economic slump of 1920 put a stop to wholesale building on speculation, but the neighborhood gradually grew and evolved into the larger scheme of Flint.  Today, Civic Park remains somewhat of a Flint "holdout" neighborhood--though it's former glory has vanished.  The neighborhood is on the National Register of Historic Places, and home-occupancy is higher than in the rest of Flint (where abandoned properties are a HUGE problem).  Hopefully, I'll get a chance to visit the neighborhood someday, and hopefully the neighborhood finds a place in the 21st century.  See below for the house types.

Civic Park House Types

from "Civic Park Home Preservation Manual"--courtesy of Gordon Young.

West Dayton Avenue Today - Courtesy of

The Three-Gable Saltbox

Maybe The Civic Park Saltbox? - Modified

The Civic Park Saltbox - In need of love

Another Three-Gable Saltbox

The Dutch Colonial

Another Dutch Colonial (porch enclosed)

Another Civic Park Saltbox

Yet another Three-Gable Saltbox

For more pictures, please go to Gordon Young's blog: